A History of Soviet Security & Soviet Espionage,


4 credits: three class meetings each week, plus five required films


"The Chekist has two paths--promotion, or prison."
                                                        --Joseph Stalin, 1951

Professor Jeffrey Burds
Office: 269 Holmes Hall
Telephone: (617) 373-2079

Course Description

. . . violence does not consist so much in injuring and annihilating persons as
in interrupting their continuity, making them play roles in which they no longer
recognize themselves, making them betray not only commitments but their
own substance."
                                                           Emmanuel Levinas, Totality and Infinity

            No theme has more powerfully captured the Cold War imagination than the virtual obsession with Soviet spies. Repressing their own citizens at home, the Bolsheviks craved world domination. They sent spies abroad to sabotage our progress, to infiltrate our governments, to penetrate into the hearts and souls of freedom-loving peoples everywhere. Or so the story went.

           The collapse of the former Soviet Union in 1991 and the opening up of the archives of Soviet and East European totalitarian regimes, has provided us with an unprecedented opportunity to glimpse those clandestine institutions from the inside, to test our beliefs and challenge our most fundamental views about Soviet police and society at home and abroad. Studying Soviet history through the prism of clandestine police and espionage organizations, we will survey the institutions, role, and significance of Soviet state power, 1917-1998. Using a vast array of primary and secondary sources, some of which have been translated from KGB archives specially for this course, supplemented by literature and film, we will trace the roles of the domestic and international branches of the Soviet secret police throughout its seventy-year history. Besides a general chronological survey, we will develop specific themes: the role of ideology in Soviet clandestine organizations; the use and limits of memoirs and other sources in Espionage history; the role of political terror and denunciations; informants' networks; recruitment of agents at home and abroad; the British spy scandals of the 1930s-1950s; Soviet intelligence successes and failures in World War II; the origins of the Cold War; the Atom Spy networks; the popular culture of spymania in the McCarthy era; the Cuban missile crisis; the Brezhnev era; the KGB and the Soviet collapse; spies and spying in the post-Soviet era.

Course Requirements

10 percent of the final grade: Each student is expected to complete all of the assigned readings (averaging about 225 pages weekly) and to attend lectures and discussions regularly. Regular attendance is required. I will deduct 2 points in the class for each unexcused absence. Any student with five or more unexcused absences will not pass this course. Students with perfect attendance records for the semester will be awarded bonus points [generally the equivalent of raising a B- to a B]. The number of bonus points or points deducted will depend in part on your score on a special quiz reflecting basic understanding of all five films. The film quiz will be taken on Wednesday, August 15.

90 percent of the final grade: Students will be required to take two written in-class exams. The first is set for Thursday, July 26. The second is set for August 16. The two examinations together will account for 90 percent of the final grade for the course. THERE IS NO FINAL EXAMINATION.

There are no required papers in this course.

Students with a B+ or above on the midterm exam and paper may elect to choose an alternative final: to write a 10-12 page final paper on a theme to be agreed on with Prof. Burds, and take an oral final exam instead of the standard bluebook.


For bibliographies and extra-credit projects, see the Resource Page.


A Statement on Academic Honesty


All written work in this course must be the student's own original work. Plagiarism--"the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work"--is a serious violation. Please note that the same shortcuts that make plagiarism so easy in our day also facilitate the instructor's verification of each student's work. In this course, all student work is checked closely for plagiarism. Northeastern University relies on Turnitin technology: "Every paper submitted is returned in the form of a customized Originality Report. Results are based on exhaustive searches of billions of pages from both current and archived instances of the internet, millions of student papers previously submitted to Turnitin, and commercial databases of journal articles and periodicals." The point? If you misuse materials and submit other people's work as your own, you will be caught. Any student caught plagiarizing will automatically FAIL this course, and you will be formally charged for violation of university guidelines on academic honesty.


Northeastern University's Official Policy on Academic Honesty & Integrity


How Turnitin Works




The following titles (marked with an asterisk) have been ordered at the University Book Store:


Tennent H. Bagley, Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 2007). [Digital version available in Snell]

David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994). [a scan appears below]

Jerrold L. Schechter and Peter S. Deriabin, The Spy Who Saved the World: How a Soviet Colonel Changed the Course of the Cold War (Washington: Brassey's, 1992). [out of print; a scan appears below]

Pavel Sudoplatov, Special Tasks: The Memoirs of an Unwanted Witness -- A Soviet Spymaster (Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1994-1995). Revised Edition. [out of print; a scan appears below]

Robert W. Stephan, Stalin's Secret War: Soviet Counterintelligence Against the Nazis, 1941-1945 (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003). [a scan appears below]


All readings in this course are available for download from this WEB page. Such readings are password-protected, and most require a free download to view: Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Week 1           Introduction: Inside A 'Wilderness of Mirrors'

Tuesday, July 3. Introduction to the History of Soviet Espionage. Themes.

HANDOUT: Lyrics of "The Chekists’ Song" (1937) [Listen to MP3]

HANDOUT: The Soviet/Russian Security Police, 1917-1996

Discussion: Espionage and History

Andrew & Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp. 1-64.

Other Resources
See the CIA's study of the Russian Okhrana's pre-revolutionary operations in Ben B. Fischer's OKHRANA: The Paris Operations of the Russian Imperial Police (1997). Also included are several long articles by "Rita T. Kronenbitter" on the Paris Okhrana, 1885-1905. Especially interesting is her study of the Okhrana's female agents. Check out all CIA publications at

Jonathan W. Daly, Autocracy Under Siege: Security Police and Opposition in Russia, 1866-1905 (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1998). Forthcoming in November 1998.

Jonathan W. Daly, The Watchful State: Security Police and Opposition in Russia, 1906-1917 (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2004).

Frederic S. Zuckerman, The Tsarist Secret Police in Russian Society, 1880-1917 (New York: NYU Press, 1996).

Thursday, July 5. Antecedents. From the Third Department to the Tsarist Okhrana

Powerpoint: Antecedents

Week 2           Against Foreign Interventionists in an Era of Capitalist Encirclement

Tuesday, July 10. The Origins of the Soviet Secret Police. Red Terror and the Cheka

Powerpoint: Regicide in the Russian Revolution

CASEBOOK 1: Introduction to Soviet International Operations, 1917-Félix Dzerzhinski, fundador del KGB1922

HANDOUT 1-2b: Regicide in the Russian Revolution: The Murder of the Romanov Family [16 July 1918]

HANDOUT Lenin's War Against the Russian Orthodox Church [Discussion]

John W. Long, “The Lockhart Plot in Russia, 1918,Europe-Asia Studies Volume 47, Number 7 (November 1995): 1225-1235; and Andrew Cook, Ace of Spies: The True Story of Sidney Reilly (Glousteshire: Tempus Books, 2002), pp. 168-170.

[Red Terror]: Andrew & Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp. 65-106.

George Leggett, The Cheka: Lenin's Political Police: the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-Revolution and Sabotage, December 1917 to February 1922 (New York: Oxford, 1981).

Viktor Bortnevskii, White Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence during the Russian Civil War No. 1108 in The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies (University of Pittsburgh, 1995).

Feliks Dzerzxhinskii, Founder of the Cheka

David S. Fogelsong, America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920 (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1995).

A. J. Plotke, Imperial Spies Invade Russia: the British Intelligence Interventions, 1918 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993).

Nigel West and Oleg Tsarev, The Crown Jewels: The British Secrets at the Heart of the KGB Archives (London: HarperCollins, 1998).

Wednesday, July 11. Soviet Espionage in the 1920s. Soviet Industrial Espionage

FILM Clips: The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks (1924) [Lev Kuleshov]

CASEBOOK 2: Sidney Reilly, Myth & Reality

Powerpoint: Soviet Foreign Operations

SEE FILM: Burnt by the Sun (1994)

Stuart Finkel, "An Intensification of Vigilance: Recent Perspectives on the Institutional History of the Soviet Security Apparatus in the 1920s," Kritika Volume 5, Number 2 (Spring 2004): 299-320.

Peter Holquist, "'Information is the Alpha and Omega of Our Work': Bolshevik Surveillance in Its Pan-European Context," Journal of Modern History (September 1997): 415-450.

Vladlen Izmozik, "Voice from the Twenties: Private Correspondence Intercepted by the OGPU," The Russian Review 55 (1996): 287-308.

Harvey Klehr, et. al. "Clandestine Habits: The 1920s and the Early 1930s" in The Secret World of American Communism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995), pp. 20-30, 40-41.

Thursday, July 12. A Popular Culture of Denunciation?

FILM: I Was Stalin's Bodyguard

Powerpoint: Totalitarianism and the Panoptic State

Gábor Rittersporn, "The Omnipresent Conspiracy: On Soviet Imagery of Politics and Social Relations in the 1930s," in Stalinism and Its Aftermath: Essays in Honour of Moshe Lewin (M.E. Sharpe, 1992), pp. 101-120.

Sheila Fitzpatrick and Robert Gellately, "Introduction to the Practices of Denunciation in Modern European History," The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Dec., 1996): 747-767.

Sheila Fitzpatrick, "Signals from Below: Soviet Letters of Denunciation of the 1930s," The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Dec., 1996): 831-866.

Read Timothy Garton Ash's critical review of ACCUSATORY PRACTICES
[London Review of Books, 19 March 1998, pp. 18-20]

Documents of the Stalin Terror

From the Prisoner's Perspective: From the KGB File of Italian Communist Edmondo Peluzo: Fragments from His Unsuccessful Petition for Release (from the KGB Archive, Moscow).

Resumé of a Stalinist Policeman: Soviet Secret Police Personnel Report on Service to the International Section of the Communist Party in the 1930s (October 13, 1939), former Central Archive of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Moscow.

CASEBOOK 3: Soviet Secret Police & Stalin's Internal Enemies

Week 3           'The Enemies Within': Stalin and the Terror

Tuesday, July 17. Verbovka: Soviet Recruitment Strategies


Powerpoint: The Cambridge Five

Aleksandr Orlov, Handbook of Intelligence and Guerilla Warfare (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1963).

John Costello and Oleg Tsarev, Deadly Illusions: The KGB Orlov Dossier Reveals Stalin's Master Spy (Crown Publishers, 1993). Part 1 Part 2

Yuri Druzhnikov, Informer 001: The Myth of Pavlik Morozov (New Brunswick: Transaction Pubs., 1997).

Catriona Kelly, Comrade Pavlik, The Rise and Fall of a Soviet Boy Hero (London: Granta, 2005).

Wednesday, July 18. Stalin's International Security Networks


Powerpoint: The Purge of International Cadres

Handout: Arrests for Espionage in the Soviet Union

Handout: The Purge in the NKVD, 1933-1939

Andrew & Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp. 107-232.

CASEBOOK 4a: Cambridge Spies, Fact & Fiction

CASEBOOK 4b: Aleksandr Orlov's Letter to Ezhov

Jeffrey Burds, “The Soviet War against ‘Fifth Columnists:’ The Case of Chechnya, 1942-1944,” Journal of Contemporary History, Volume 42, Number 2 (April 2007).

Genrikh Borovik, The Philby Files: The Secret Life of Master Spy Kim Philby (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1994). Part 1 Part 2

Thursday, July 19. Soviet Interrogation


Powerpoint: Stalinist Interrogation Process

Handout: Stalinist Interrogation Process

Week 4           Operation Barbarossa & World War II

Tuesday, July 24. Soviet Intelligence on the Eve of Operation Barbarossa

Powerpoint: 1939-1941

Handout: Stalin’s Espionage Networks on the Eve of World War II

Handout: Signals from Moscow (July 1940)

Andrew & Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp. 233-340.

Bernd Wegner, "The Tottering Giant: German Perceptions of Soviet Military and Economic Strength in Preparation for 'Operation Blau' (1942)," in Christopher Andrew and Jeremy Noakes, eds. Intelligence and International Relations, 1900-1945 (Exeter Studies in History No. 15) (University of Exeter, 1987), pp. 293-312.

Pavel Sudoplatov, Special Tasks: The Memoirs of an Unwanted Witness -- A Soviet Spymaster (Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1994-1995). Revised Edition, pp. 126-171.

For further reading [optional]

Perry Biddiscombe, Perry Biddiscombe, "Unternehmen Zeppelin: The Deployment of SS Saboteurs and Spies in the Soviet Union, 1942-1945," Europe-Asia Studies Volume 52, Number 6 (2000): 1115-1142.


Perry Biddiscombe, "The problem with glass houses The Soviet recruitment and deployment of SS men as spies and saboteurs," Intelligence and National Security (London) Vol. 15, No. 3 (2000): 131-145.

Kurt DeWitt, The Role of the Partisans in Soviet Intelligence (Alabama: Maxwell Air Force Base, 1954).

John Erickson, "Threat Identification and Strategic Appraisal by the Soviet Union, 1930-1941," in Ernest R. May, ed. Knowing One's Enemies: Intelligence Assessments Before the Two World Wars (Princeton, 1984), pp. 375-421.

David M. Glantz, The Role of Intelligence in Soviet Military Strategy in World War II (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1990).

David M. Glantz, Soviet Military Intelligence in War (London, 1990).

Leonid D. Grenkevich, Soviet Partisan Movements: A Critical Historiographical Analysis (London: Frank Cass, 1999).

David Kahn, ["MAX: Germany's Greatest Spy in the East,"] Hitler's Spies: German Military Intelligence in World War II (New York; Collier Books, 1978), pp. 312-317, 367-369.

Bradley F. Smith, Sharing Secrets with Stalin: How the Allies Traded Intelligence, 1941-1945 (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1996).

Colonel I. G. Starinov, Over the Abyss: My Life in Soviet Special Operations (New York: Ivy Books [Ballantine Books], 1995).

Bruce W. Menning, ed. At the Threshold of War: The Soviet High Command in 1941 in Russian Studies in History: A Journal of Translations Volume 36, Number 3 (Winter 1997-98), pp. 2-93.

Barton Whaley, Codeword Barbarossa (Harvard, 1973), Ch. 8: "Soviet Views," pp. 190-219.

Related Materials
Photo & Text of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact [23 August 1939]

Secret Protocols of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact [23 August 1939]

Wednesday, July 25. Razvedka: The Role of Intelligence in the Soviet Victory

Casebook 5. Documents from Soviet Espionage Operations in World War II

READ: Robert W. Stephan, Stalin's Secret War: Soviet Counterintelligence Against the Nazis, 1941-1945, pp. 3-174.
     Part One, Part Two

Thursday, July 26. Midterm Examination

Burds Tips for Exams and Papers

Week 5          Origins of the Cold War

Tuesday, July 31. Espionage in Modern History

Powerpoint on Soviet Struggle against Banditry

John Gaddis, "Intelligence, Espionage and Cold War Origins," Diplomatic History, 13, no. 2
(Spring 1989),  pp. 191-212.

CASEBOOK 6: The Origins of the Cold War in Soviet Eastern Europe

Handout: Soviet Struggle against Criminal Banditry

Powerpoint: The "Great Fear"

Handout: Deportations of "Enemy Nationalities"

Recommended [Not Required] Reading
Andrew & Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp. 341-366.

Kevin C. Ruffner, “Cold War Allies: The Origins of the CIA’s Relationship with Ukrainian Nationalists,” Fifty Years of the CIA (Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency, 1998): 19-43. [Declassified in 2004]

SEE FILM: The Spy Who Came in from the Cold (1965)

Wednesday, August 1. The Soviet Union vs. OPERATION ROLLBACK

Powerpoint: Blowback, Ratlines, Operation Rollback
Powerpoint: Origins of the Cold War in Soviet West Ukraine


Jeffrey Burds, "AGENTURA: Soviet Informants' Networks & the Ukrainian Rebel Underground in Galicia, 1944-1948," East European Politics and Societies Volume 11, Number 1 (Winter 1997): 89-130.

Christopher Simpson, Blowback: America's Recruitment of Nazis and Its Effects on the Cold War (New York: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988), pp. 3-11, 138-175, 264-290.




Photo: Soviet MVD Special Tasks Unit near Stanyslaviv, Ukraine, early 1950s


Related Information

The Origins of Containment: George Kennan's "Long Telegram" (Moscow-to-Washington) (February 22, 1946)

"The Sinews of Peace": Audio and Transcript of Churchill's Speech at Fulton, Missouri, 5 March 1946

The Novikov Telegram: Soviet Ambassador in Washington DC to Moscow, September 27 1946

Andrei Zhdanov's "Report on the International Situation" (September 1947)

NSC-68 -- The Foundations of American Cold War Policy

Compendium of Documents & Readings on the History of the Cold War

Thursday, August 2. Case Study of Soviet Sister Services: The East German Stasi

HANDOUT: "Secret Voices from the Past: Germany Opens Up Files of the Stasi," Newsweek January 20, 1992, p. 35.

SEE FILM: The Lives of Others (2006)

Powerpoint: Soviet Sister Services



Yuri Totrov, "Western Intelligence Operations in Eastern Europe, 1945-1954," The Journal of Intelligence History Volume 5, Number 1 (Summer 2005): 71-80.

Markus Wolf, "Spying for Love," Man Without a Face: The Autobiography of Communism's Greatest Spymaster (New York: Random House, 1997), pp. 123-150.

Recommended [Not Required] Reading
Andrew & Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp. 422-476.

Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, "The Dialectics of Pain: The Interrogation Methods of the Communist Secret Police in Poland, 1944-1955, " Glaukopis, vol. 2/3 (2004-2005).

Timothy Garton Ash, The File: A Personal History (New York: Random House, 1997).

Gary Bruce, "The Prelude to Nationwide Surveillance in East Germany: Stasi Operations and Threat Perceptions, 1945-1953" Journal of Cold War Studies Volume 5, Number 2 (Spring 2003): 3-31.

Robert Gellately, "Denunciations in Twentieth-Century Germany: Aspects of Self-Policing in the Third Reich and the German Democratic Republic," The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 68, No. 4 (Dec., 1996): 931-967.

Week 6           The Soviet Bomb and Soviet Nuclear Espionage

Tuesday, August 7. The Red Scare, Venona


Powerpoint: Venona

FILM: Selections from Atomic Café

Handout: Venona Materials

SEE FILM: The Manchurian Candidate (1962)

Wednesday, August 8. The Soviet Nuclear Program & Atomic Spies

FILM: The Rosenbergs: Case Closed

Powerpoint: Soviet Nuclear Program

David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994), pp. 72-115, 172-319.

Pavel Sudoplatov, Special Tasks: The Memoirs of an Unwanted Witness -- A Soviet Spymaster (Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1994-1995). Revised Edition, pp. 172-220. Review documents on pp. 436-475.

Related Sites
National Security Agency -- contains links to two key collections: the VENONA archive of captured Soviets coded communications; and documents on the Cuban Missile Crisis.
National Security Archive Documents

Thursday, August 9. Red Defectors: Soviet Defectors since the Second World War

Discussion: CASEBOOK 7: Soviet Spies in America

Powerpoint: Red Defectors, Soviet Assassination

Vladislav Krasnov, Soviet Defectors: The KGB Wanted List (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1985).

Testimony of Alexander Orlov, Hearing Before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-Seventh Congress. September 28, 1955. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962).

The Kremlin's Espionage and Terror Organizations; testimony of Petr. S. Deriabin, former officer of the USSR's Committee of State Security (KGB). Hearing Before the Committee of Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-sixth Congress, First session. Released March 17, 1959.

Murder International, Inc.: Murder and Kidnapping as an Instrument of Soviet Policy, Hearing Before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-Ninth Congress. First Session. March 26, 1965. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1965).

Harry Truman, The Truman Presidential Papers, Volume 7 The Ideological Foundations of the Cold War -- the "Long Telegram," the Foreign Affairs X Article, the Clifford Report, and NSC 68 (University Publications of America, 1995-1997).

Week 7           The Cuban Missile Crisis

Tuesday, August 14. Context, Course & Aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis

Documentary Film: ABC News Nightline (10/24/1996): Inside the Oval Office – The JFK Tapes: Inside the Cuban Missile Crisis   (327 megs—high speed only)


Powerpoint: Cuban Missile Crisis



Jerrold L. Schechter and Peter S. Deriabin, The Spy Who Saved the World: How a Soviet Colonel Changed the Course of the Cold War, pp. 271-352.

Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali, “Soviet Intelligence and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” Intelligence and National Security Volume 13, Number 3 (Winter 1998): 64-87.


Summary of revelations: "Soviet Surprise in '62: US Didn't Know About 100 Warheads in Cuba" Chronology, Transcript & Audio of JFK's Meetings During the Cuban Missile Crisis, 18-29 October 1962

Possibly useful: “Soviet Intelligence and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” in Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB (New York: Basic Books, 1999), pp. 180-184.


Laurence Chang and Peter Kornbluh, eds. The Cuban Missile Crisis: A National Security Archives Documents Reader (New York: The New Press, 1992).

Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali, One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Kennedy and Castro, 1958-1964 (New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1998).

Oleg Penkovsky, The Penkovskiy Papers (New York: Doubleday, 1965).

Check out the National Security Agency's Cuban Missile Crisis Documents

Russian Documents on the Cuban Missile Crisis [English translation from the Cold War International History Project]

Compendium of Documents & Readings on the U.S. Response in the Cuban Missile Crisis

SEE FILM: Nosenko, KGB (1986)

Wednesday, August 15. Oswald in Russia, Nosenko Affair

Powerpoint: Nosenko Affair



David C. Martin, Wilderness of Mirrors: Intrigue, Deception and the Secrets that Destroyed Two of the Cold War’s Most Important Agents (Lyon’s Press, 2003), entire.



Listen to an interview with Tenant Bagley regarding Nosenko as a “False defector” (30 minutes)


Listen to podcast of FBI (DavidMajor), KGB (Oleg Kalunin), and CIA (Jack Platt)
 attacks against the “false defector” thesis (17 minutes)


Listen to Nosenko’s 1998 talk to the CIA (more than an hour)


More about Nosenko [from his CIA/FBI/KGB supporters]



"The Great Molehunt," in Jeffrey T. Richelson, A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 286-292.

Cleveland Cram, "Spy Stories: Of Moles and Mole Hunters," in Studies in Intelligence (The CIA's in-House Journal), 1995, Vol. 36 No. 4.

Gordon Brook-Shephard, The Storm Birds. Soviet Post-War Defectors (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1988).

Selections from Norman Mailer, Oswald's Tale: An American Mystery (New York, Ballantine Books, 1995), pp. 69-79, 221-233.

Tennent H. Bagley, Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 2007).

Part 2: Technology Espionage

Powerpoint: The End of the KGB

HANDOUT: Aleksandr Kabakov, "Landscapes on Walls, " Moscow News Number 31 (1990)

FILM: Segment from CBS's 60 Minutes


CASEBOOK 8: The Farewell Dossier



Christopher Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky, Comrade Kryuchkov's Instructions: Top Secret Files on KGB Foreign Operations, 1975-1985 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993).

Milt Bearden and James Risen, The Main Enemy: The Inside Story of the CIA’s Final Showdown with the KGB (New York: Random House, 2003).

Stephen Koch, Double Lives: Spies and Writers in the Secret Soviet War of Ideas Against the West (New York: The Free Press, 1994).

Alexander Kouzminov, Biological Espionage: Special Operations of the Soviet and Russian Foreign Intelligence Services in the West (London: Greenhill Books, 2005).

Thomas C. Reed, At the Abyss: An Insider's History of the Cold War (New York: Random House, 2004).



CASEBOOK 9: Misinformation, Disinformation, or Incompetence? Evaluating C.I.A. Assessments of the Soviet Economy


Related Sites

CIA Assessments of the Soviet Union: The Record versus the Charges

Thursday, August 16. Second Examination plus Film Quiz

Removing the Dzerzhinskii statue from in front
of Moscow's KGB Headquarters [August 1991]